Lefkada is a mountainous island, covered with dense vegetation to the east and south. Its eastern coast slopes gently down to the sea, which is sheltered from the wind and dotted with thickly wooded islets. The most famous of these are Skorpios (which belongs to Onasis family), Madouri and Sparti. In contrast, the west coast is steep, with a few stunted pine trees and lined with spectacular stretches of endless golden beach.
The capital and main port of the island is also called Lefkada. A tranquil, picturesque town built on a natural harbour, it is composed of distinctive, multicoloured wooden houses, whose upper floors are covered with sheet metal. It is from here you'll set off - over good roads - to explore the island.
Before abandoning the town, you may wish to visit the castle of Santa Maura, right next to the channel, or the museums (archaeological, folkloric and phonographic).
If you follow the eastern coast road, passing through villages bordered on one side by the sea and on the other by lush greenery you will come to Nidri, one of the most popular holiday spots on the island. Nidri was the home of the German archaeologist, Dorpfeld, who maintained that Lefkada was in fact none other than Homer's Ithaki ( archaeologists today do not agree with this theory).
Sights worth seeing in the area are the ruins of the prehistoric city and some circular graves.
Your next stop on your way around the island is Poros and the lovely pebbled beach of Mikro Yialo. Vassillki, a surfers' paradise, is Lefkada's southernmost seaside settlement. Here you can swim from the village's long, flat beach or hop aboard a caique that will take you in 30 minutes to Cape Lefkata.
Your tour of the island finishes with a visit to Agios Nikitas, a traditional, picturesque fishing hamlet on the west coast of Lefkada, and a stop at the island village of Karia, known for its handmade traditional embroideries. Both before and after Agios Nikitas you can take a dip in the sparkling waters of one of the most beautiful beaches of Lefkada. Its fine white sand stretches as far as the eye can see. Generally, on the west coast you'll find the most beautiful beaches in a row: Agios Nikitas, Kathisma, Athani, Egremni (which means cliffs, and with a very good reason, too), and Porto Katsiki.
From Nidri, you can sail your yacht to Meganissi, 12 nautical miles southeast of Lefkada.According to historians, Meganissi has been settled since Homer's time. It has three villages, sea caves, wonderful beaches and clean turquoise waters.
Another "satellite" islet is Kalamos. It has a few inhabitants and almost no tourists, except yachties. It has a beautiful, long, pebbled beach and sevsral restaurants that serve delicious food.
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